There are a few things to consider when purchasing new tires for your car. Check them all in this guide to make sure you buy the right ones and avoid costly and potentially dangerous mistakes.
Determine the required size for your vehicle
The sidewall of a tire can be seen on the exterior rubber surface and contains unique identifying information that is divided into 3 distinct sections: the tire specification, DOT code and UTQG code.
Within the tire specification, you'll find the basic characteristics of your tire, which includes the size, build, speed rating and so on. Some of the codes to look for and understand within this list of characteristics are as follows:
P -> Passenger metric
LT -> Light truck
T -> Temporary spare
ST -> Special trailers
The DOT code, or Department of Transportation code, is the mark that signifies whether a tire complies with all the agency's safety standards. Following this code is the tire's identification number, which includes the tire's plant and manufacturer code, and the date on which the product was manufactured.
The UTQG code, or Uniform Tire Quality Grading, was brought in by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. This code represents the scoring achieved by a tire based on the NHTSA's recommended test methods: tread wear, traction, and temperature. Treadwear is graded from a baseline of 100, with higher figures meaning better longevity. Traction is graded AA, A, B and C, from best to worst, and temperature is graded A, B or C, again from highest to lowest.
Consider your driving style and requirements
Tire choice is not just limited to the size and type of tire available. You should also consider your own personal needs in terms of your driving style and the environments in which you drive. To begin with, you should consider the following as a starting point:
A) What weather conditions do you take the car out in? Do you solely drive in dry weather and on dry roads, or could you face rain, snow, and ice?
B) On what types of roads will you take your car? Will you be limited to driving on city streets, or will you be regularly driving dirt or gravel roads?
C) What is your usual driving style? Do you prefer tight, responsive cornering, or do you prefer a comfortable ride?
Tires need to be able to handle an array of different weather types, from hot temperatures, to rain, snow and ice. All these factors have an impact on tire performance, so you need to know how each condition affects tire choice.
If you drive exclusively within a warm climate, where the temperature never drops below zero, then you should aim for summer tires.
All-season tires can also be used but might be overkill. Conversely, for seasonal climates, you should own either an all-season set of tires, or a combination of 2 sets: one for summer, and another for winter.
Different road conditions call for distinct, well-suited types of tires. This factor is slightly more complicated than seasonal factors.
For driving on city streets, you'll want to consider the braking distance, longevity of treads, and fuel economy afforded by your prospective tire choice.
For highway driving, consider braking distance, responsive handling and noise reduction or comfort. Finally, for dirt, gravel paths and other unpaved roads, look for off-road traction and durability.